6 THINGS YOU DIDN'T KNOW ABOUT VOLLEYBALL PENALTY CARDS

A VOLLEY-PEDIA.COM CREATION

#1 HOW DO CARDS              WORK                                  IN VOLLEYBALL?

Much like in soccer, volleyball uses colored cards to symbolize its penalty system. 

Cards are displayed by the first referee, and the color, timing and combination of each card will determine how severe the punishment is.

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IT'S ALL UP TO THE REF

In volleyball, it is up to the Head Referee to decide the severity of a player or coach's actions on the court.

Fortunately, there is a strict set of guidelines to follow...

 

...let's take a look at those now.

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#2 MINOR MISCONDUCTS

THE WARM-UP STAGES

Before you can get into the really heavy penalties, there are two warning stages. 

STAGE 1: Verbal warning.

This is when you see the referee ask team captains to approach the stand:

 

Usually this is just a friendly reminder not to let things get too heated!

3 MOST COMMON VERBAL WARNINGS

1. Antagonizing the Opponent. 

2. Bad Language.

3. Complaining Over a Referee's Decision.

$#%&@!

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#3 WHAT DOES A YELLOW CARD ACTUALLY MEAN?

STAGE 2

The second stage of the warning system is signaled with a yellow card, presented to the offending player or coach.

Since this is still part of the warning phase, no penalties are associated with yellow cards in volleyball--the players is allowed to continue play, but is warned not to repeat the offense.

IT ALL GOES IN THE SCORESHEET

EVEN THOUGH THERE IS NO DIRECT PENALTY FOR A YELLOW CARD, THE EVENT IS STILL MARKED IN THE OFFICIAL SCORESHEET.

While it's mostly a good reference for what took place in the match:

It's also a great statistic to see which players are tallying up the most yellow cards each season!

#4 MISCONDUCT LEADING TO SANCTIONS

3 CATEGORIES

#1 Rude Conduct:

This is any action deemed to be contrary to good manners or moral principles. 

Unsportsmanlike conduct is a common culprit for this category. 

#1 Rude Conduct:

This is any action deemed to be contrary to good manners or moral principles. 

Unsportsmanlike conduct is a common culprit for this category. 

#2 Offensive Conduct

This is the more vulgar, defamatory or insulting behavior directed toward officials.

Things like swearing or making obscene gestures as a sign of contempt.

#3 Aggression:

This is pretty much how it sounds...

It's the most severe category, and it involves physical aggression toward referees, players or officials.

This can be a physical attack, or behavior that threatens an attack (Poland's superstar outside, Michał Kubiak, might be guilty of this one.)

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#5 THE RED CARD

WHAT DOES IT MEAN?

A red card in volleyball is actually the least severe penalty in the Sanctions phase. 

When shown a red card, the offending team will immediately lose the point, but that player or coach can continue on in the match with no further consequence.

HOW CAN YOU GET A RED CARD?

RUDE CONDUCT

The first display of rude conduct is officially the trigger for a red card.

Alternatively, after receiving a yellow card, if the same player offends again, this can result in a red card, too--even for a minor misconduct.

#6 HOW BAD CAN IT GET?

SANCTION LEVELS

LEVEL 1 - Penalty

The red card is actually the official result of the penalty phase. 

As we've seen, this means the loss of a point for the offending team.

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LEVEL 2 -Expulsion

A player or coach that is expelled is not allowed to play or contribute for the remainder of the set. For coaches, this also means moving away from the bench and sitting in the penalty area.

An Expulsion is signaled by

Red Card + Yellow Card = Expulsion

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LEVEL 3 - DISQUALIFICATION

Any player that is disqualified must be substituted from the court immediately. Not just that, they're required to leave the Competition-Control Area for the remainder of the match. 

A disqualification is signaled by a red card and a yellow card being present separately by the Head Referee.

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